Ask children with ADHD to run an errand or complete a task for you, even if it just means walking across the room to sharpen pencils or put dishes away. Encourage a child with ADHD to play a sport —or at least run around before and after school—and make sure the child never misses recess or P. Provide a stress ball , small toy, or another object for the child to squeeze or play with discreetly at their seat.
Difficulty following directions is a hallmark problem for many children with ADHD. Sometimes these students miss steps and turn in incomplete work, or misunderstand an assignment altogether and wind up doing something else entirely.
Helping children with ADHD follow directions means taking measures to break down and reinforce the steps involved in your instructions, and redirecting when necessary. Try keeping your instructions extremely brief, allowing the child to complete one step and then come back to find out what they should do next. If the child gets off track, give a calm reminder, redirecting in a calm but firm voice. Whenever possible, write directions down in a bold marker or in colored chalk on a blackboard.
They often like to hold, touch, or take part in an experience to learn something new. By using games and objects to demonstrate mathematical concepts, you can show your child that math can be meaningful—and fun. Play games. Use memory cards, dice, or dominoes to make numbers fun. Or simply use your fingers and toes, tucking them in or wiggling them when you add or subtract. Draw pictures. Especially for word problems, illustrations can help kids better understand mathematical concepts.
If the word problem says there are twelve cars, help your child draw them from steering wheel to trunk.
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Invent silly acronyms. In order to remember order of operations, for example, make up a song or phrase that uses the first letter of each operation in the correct order. There are many ways to make reading exciting, even if the skill itself tends to pose a struggle for children with ADHD.
Keep in mind that reading at its most basic level involves stories and interesting information—which all children enjoy. Act out the story. Let the child choose their character and assign you one, too. Use funny voices and costumes to bring it to life. When children are given information in a way that makes it easy for them to absorb, learning is a lot more fun. If you understand how your child with ADHD learns best, you can create enjoyable lessons that pack an informational punch.
Sure, kids may universally dread it—but for a parent of a child with ADHD, homework is a golden opportunity. Academic work done outside the classroom provides you as the parent with a chance to directly support your child. With your support, kids with ADHD can use homework time not only for math problems or writing essays, but also for practicing the organizational and study skills they need to thrive in the classroom. When it comes to organization, it can help to get a fresh start.
Help the child file their papers into this new system. Understanding concepts and getting organized are two steps in the right direction, but homework also has to be completed in a single evening—and turned in on time. Help a child with ADHD to the finish line with strategies that provide consistent structure.
Encourage exercise and sleep. Physical activity improves concentration and promotes brain growth. Help your child eat right. Scheduling regular nutritious meals and snacks while cutting back on junk and sugary foods can help manage symptoms of ADHD. Try to eat right, exercise, get enough sleep, manage stress , and seek face-to-face support from family and friends.
American Academy of Child Adolescent Psychiatry. Center for Parent Information and Resources. Setting up your child for school success The classroom environment can pose challenges for a child with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder ADHD or ADD. Find a behavior plan that works Click here to download a highly regarded behavior plan called The Daily Report Card, which can be adjusted for elementary, middle, and even high school students with ADHD.
How does your kid like to learn? Auditory learners learn best by talking and listening. Have these kids recite facts to a favorite song. Let them pretend they are on a radio show and work with others often. Visual learners learn best through reading or observation. Let them have fun with different fonts on the computer and use colored flash cards to study.
Allow them to write or draw their ideas on paper. Tactile learners learn best through physical touch or movement as part of a lesson. For these students, provide jellybeans for counters and costumes for acting out parts of literature or history. Let them use clay and make collages. Get more help. Print PDF. Pin Another fun way to get kids communicating is to pretend to be forgetful. During a routine that you and your daughter have established — for example getting dressed — you can forget to put her socks on before her shoes. You can also pause during some predicable activity, like singing a favorite song.
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This not only encourages her to retrieve and use new vocabulary words, but also teaches her turn taking and that using language in a back and forth exchange is fun! When working with kids on language skills, your goal should always be to help them reach just the next level of complexity — nothing more and nothing less. For example if your child communicates in one or two word bursts, your goal should be to model and use three and four word sentences.
Talking and communicating with others should be fun! Here are some strategies you can use with kids from birth all the way up to five years old, depending upon their language level. How you do these things may look different during infancy compared to when kids are starting to use words, but the basic idea will remain the same. Join them. Follow ChildMindInst. Creating opportunities There are lots of ways parents can create opportunities that encourage kids to practice their communication skills.
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Strategies to expand language skills When working with kids on language skills, your goal should always be to help them reach just the next level of complexity — nothing more and nothing less. Imitate: If your daughter is making noises babbling , making another sound in play, or even banging a spoon, you can do that too. It also promotes turn taking and, best of all, encourages them to imitate you and your more complex language utterances.
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Interpret: If your son is pointing to the apple juice that he wants to drink, he is communicating with you. Take this to the next level by interpreting what he is trying to say.
You want apple juice! Use stress and intonation to highlight the words you want your child to focus on. The cow is going to sleep. We all respond better to more positive phrasing.
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Contingent responses: Respond immediately to all attempts to communicate, including words and gestures. This is a big one. It shows kids how important communication is and gives you the opportunity to model more sophisticated language skills. Balance turn taking: Give kids the space to exercise their communication skills by making sure they get a turn.
A turn could be your child handing you a toy or making eye contact. Maybe your daughter will look at you because she needs help opening a box. During bubble baths keep referring to the bubbles; during snack time you can label the apple juice. Testing him during playtime instead of just playing with him can be stressful. Was this helpful?